Corn Snake

Latin name: Pantherophis guttata guttata



Sexing and Characteristics:

There are several ways of sexing a snake but the main methods are popping & probing, both of these ways are reliable with probing being the most accurate.

If you need your snake sexed, make sure this gets done by a professional.

Corn Snakes are a small north American species rat snake which are available in a huge variety of colours & patterns (known as morphs), they are very forgiving making them a great first time snake.


Generally Corns reach between 3-5 ft, but they can reach 6ft with the males being bigger reaching around 4-6ft.

Substrate and Water Needs:

For bedding you can use a variety of things, Pine & Cedar are to be avoided as these are toxic to reptiles.

You can use newspaper or paper towel which are cheap but not very appealing.

Aspen, Auboise, Megazorb or similar is your best bet, there fairly cheap and look good.

You will need a fair sized water bowl, one the snake can submerse its body in.

Lighting and UVB:

Corn Snakes have no special lighting requirements but if you do use a basking bulb, please ensure the light has a bulb guard to avoid your snake from being burnt.

Temperatures & Humidity:

Your Corn should be provided with a basking spot between 26-30’C (79-86’F) in the hot end.

To achieve these temperatures several heating devices can be used such as:

Ÿ  Heatmats

Ÿ  Basking/Infrared Bulbs

Ÿ  AHS heaters

Ÿ  Ceramic bulbs

These are down to personal preference & all should be used with the appropriate Thermostats to control the temperature & avoid overheating.

Corn Snakes humidity should be around 40-50% which can be increased whilst shedding.

A moss box can be provided when they are shedding to help assist them but is usually not needed.

If help is needed choosing heating/thermostat options, please do not hesitate to contact us & we will guide you in the right direction.


Neonate Corns are best kept in small tubs, with secure hides as they may become stressed go off feeding if they feel insecure.

Juvenile/sub-adult Corn Snakes can be housed in 50L tubs or a 3x2x2ft vivarium if big enough.

Adult Corn Snakes can be housed in a 3ft x 2ft x 2ft vivarium.

Provide them with 2 hides, one in the hot end & one in the cool end, an appropriately sized water bowl should also be provided.



Description of Diet:

Young Corns are able to take Pinkies on their first feed.

You should be able to start feeding your snake on Pinkies but if they are on the smaller side then very small pinkies or rodent tails would be ideal. You may feed them every 5 to 7 days at this point.

As the snake grows it will need larger prey items. You will know when they need to go up a size once you can’t see the food item in their belly anymore.

Sub-adults can be fed small mice every 10 days.

Adult snakes should be fed on an appropriately sized meal every 2 weeks to avoid becoming overweight.

Supplements, Nutrition and Usage:

Generally supplements are not needed but I feel that calcium can benefit breeding females to help the production of eggs, to replace the females calcium levels & prevent them from becoming egg bound.


They are very easy snakes to keep & come in an amazing variety of colour mutations (known as morphs) making them attractive to look at, they are also very affordable which makes them good first time pet snakes.

I would recommend changing their water every 1-2 days, spot clean every few days, and clean them out properly every 4-6 weeks, using an appropriate disinfectant, I use F10.

Handling your Corn should help keep them calm & easy to handle.

Sometimes young Corns will tail rattle or hiss in order to scare a ‘predator’ this is often a warning. If you have a nippy one, don’t let it put you off, they calm down easily with regular handling.

Some Words on this Species:

Corn Snakes are a popular first snake due to their attractive colours, manageable size & low maintenance, being very easy to keep but as with most snakes can have long life spans, so be prepared to take care for an animal for the rest of its life.

I would say they make excellent pets as they are calm, attractive, easily cared for & are rather forgiving snakes for the first time buyer.

About Us

I am a UK hobbyist and breeder of reptiles, specialising in Brazilian Rainbow Boas. I am also home to the Leopard Phase Brazilian Rainbow Boa - a highly prized project of mine. I aim to produce high quality reptiles, giving you after sales help or advice, to ensure that your pet has a good and healthy standard of life. All reptiles available are AS-Exotics bred unless stated.

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